GST 122 Lecture week 7

Information Search Process
Six stage of information search process by Kuhlthau 1991.
Describes the series of thoughts, feelings, behaviours & actions in the process of extensive research assignment .
The model reveals a search process in which a person is seeking meaning in the course of seeking information.

Initiation
This is the first stage, it is the thinking stage, brainstorming, discussion basically consist of expressions such as anxiety, uncertainty, apprehension
Selection process
Second stage, the individual begins to decide on the topic, understand the question, determine the keywords, the main key terms and at this stage the uncertainty is replaced by optimism as he discovers a direction
Exploration
Third stage, as topics are determined, information on the topic will be gattered at this stage, divide work into smaller variables, understand the topic, gather a lot of information and at this stage the feeling of anxiety may return as information gathered may start to contradict each other. And other irrelevant information may suffice
Formulation
Information evaluation starts, the user is now focused as he determines which information is relevant and which one will be discarded. He begins to develop confidence. His work begins to take a form
Collection
Fifth stage he is now sure of what is expected of him and begins to put in into complete order. He is clearly focused now and begins to enjoy himself, confidence increases and self assurances.
Search closure
Work is completed at this stage, report is given, references made and a feeling of satisfaction or disappointment depending on his results
Search Strategies
Information overload on the internet, information explosion. A search produces numerous results and sometimes irrelevant to ones needs. Skills to determine relevant data were discussed last lecture. Information search strategy is a step-by- step procedure that guides the searcher through the process of navigation on the internet
The basic things you need to consider before you begin your search includes
• Define your purpose.
• . Articulate (uttered clearly) your information need.
• Decide on the search tools to use.
• Read search tips or help information at each search engine.
• Think about the concepts in line with your information needs.
• Develop key words for your search
• Develop synonyms and variations of your search terms.
• Using Boolean logic to search
Boolean Search Tools or commands
• Allows the researcher to expand or Narrow the search coverage and number of hits
AND: makes two searches appear on the work to be retrieved (+) e.g Information AND Knowledge
• OR-:requires either of the item to appear mostly used in case of synonyms e.g Building OR Structure
• NOT: requires a term without the other term to appear used in case ofsynonyms (-) e.g
• LAGOS NOT LAGOON
• Other search commands include
• Colon : used to separate the reserved word from the search terms
• Pdf: to retrieve only data saved on pdf formats
• Asterisk * : used to indicate nearness of search term e.g IRanian, Iran,
• Favor, favour
• Searching with Phrase
• Quotation Marks “’’ and parenthesis () brackets
• retrieves only the doc that contain the phrase put in quotations or brackets. This ensures you get the relevant information required

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